Ethnicity/Race

What is race?

Race is defined as a person’s self-identification with one or more social groups. An individual can report as: - White, - Black or African, - American, - Asian, - American Indian and Alaska Native, - Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, or some other race.

Survey respondents may report multiple races.

What is ethnicity?

Ethnicity determines whether a person is of Hispanic origin or not. For this reason, ethnicity is broken out in two categories:

  • Hispanic or Latino and
  • Not Hispanic or Latino.

Hispanics may report as any race.

How CALPADS reports a student's race/ethnicity.

Business rules to determine a student's race/ethnicity in all CALPADS reports.

1) If the Student Hispanic Ethnicity Indicator (Field 2.24) = Y, always roll up to Hispanic, even if one or more races are selected or the Student Race Missing Indicator (Field 2.31) = Y

2) If Student Hispanic Ethnicity Missing Indicator (Field 2.24) = N or null and the Student Ethnicity Missing Indicator (Field 2.25) = Y or null and Student Race 1 - 5 Codes (Fields 2.26 - 2.30) is indicated, then roll up per rules outlined in 5 below.

3) If the Student Hispanic Ethnicity Indicator (Field 2.24) = N and the Student Race Missing Indicator (Field 2.31) = Y, then roll up to ""Missing"".

4) If the Student Hispanic Ethnicity Indicator (Field 2.24) = N or null, and the Student Race Missing Indicator (Field 2.31) = Y, then roll up to ""Missing.""

5) If the Student Hispanic Ethnicity Indicator (Field 2.24) = N or null, and the Student Race Missing Indicator (Field 2.31) = N or null,amd Student Race 1-5 Codes (Field 2.26 - 2.30) is indicated, then roll up as follows:

  • If a single race = American Indian or Alaska Native (100), roll up to American Indian or Alaska Native
  • If there is one or more of any of the Asian subgroups ((201) Chinese, (202) Japanese, (203) Korean, (204) Vietnamese, (205)Asian Indian, (206) Laotian, (207) Cambodian, (208) Hmong, (299)Other Asian) and no other race category (100, 301, 302, 303, 304, 399, 400, 600, 700, 302, 303, 304, 399, 400, 600, 700) then roll up to Asian
  • If a single race = Filipino (400) roll up to Filipino(400)
  • If race includes Filipino (400) AND one or more of any of the Asian subgroups, (201) Chinese, (202) Japanese, (203) Korean, (204) Vietnamese, (205) Asian Indian, (206) Laotian, (207) Cambodian, (208) Hmong, (299) Other Asian) and no other race category roll up to Filipino(400)
  • If there is one or more of any of the Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander subgroups ((301) Hawaiian, (302) Guamanian, (303)Samoan, (304) Tahitian, (399) Other Pacific Islander) and no other race category (100, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 299,400, 600, 700) then roll up to Hawaiian/Pacific Islander.
  • If a single race = (600) Black or African American, roll up to Black or African America
  • If a single race = (700) White, roll up to White
  • If more than one of the following races: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, White, roll up to ""Multiple""

NOTE: The above rules apply to Snapshot reports starting AY 2016-2017 and ODS reports. For ODS reports that display Ethnicity/Race and are generated in AY 2016-2017, the Filipino ethnicity will not be displayed as a separate ethnicity/race or counted within Asian ethnicity/race category.